“When am I ever going to use this?”
It’s the question every math teacher is asked, and while it may be annoying to hear, it is a good, valid question. It’s important for students to understand the reasons behind the math they are learning and that they know how to apply it to real-world situations. That’s why I consider problem solving to be the single most important part of my math classes. I place a lot of emphasis on word problems in my daily classes, in my homework assignments, and on my tests.
I typically assign a workbook page to my students each night for homework. My textbook series is pretty good about making sure each workbook page contains a couple of word problems, which is great, but there is one big flaw. If I am teaching a lesson on adding fractions, the workbook page contains a page full of fraction addition problems and two word problems on the bottom that require students to, (you guessed it), add fractions. To me, that isn’t problem solving. Students know without even reading the problem that they will need to add fractions because that is what the lesson was on. It’s good for them to see examples of how adding fractions is applied to real world situations, so I have students complete those problems, but it isn’t enough to make the students better problem solvers.
A few years ago I decided that I would have my students complete one word problem a day that wasn’t related to the day’s lesson. One problem that would make the kids have to stop and think about how to solve it, because to me, that is how students become better problem solvers.
I wrote 180 daily word problems for my advanced 6th grade math class and put the problems in both PowerPoint and printable forms. I either project the PowerPoint version of the word problem of the day as a do now or assign the printable version for homework, but every day my students are solving a multi-step word problem unrelated to the day’s lesson. Since it covers a topic they previously learned, it is also serves as a form of spiral review. Sometimes I collect the students’ work to see how each student solved the problem and sometimes we discuss them and compare/contrast strategies.
I have my students solve the problems using a four-step plan, which I say is EESE (pronounced easy):
- Explore – read the problem & identify any important information in it
- Estimate – approximate the answer using rounding and/or common sense
- Solve – solve the problem
- Examine – see if the answer makes sense, see if it’s close to their estimate, and make sure it’s labeled
To download a FREE double-sided weekly sheet students can use to complete a Problem of the Day using the 4 step plan, click the image below.
Since I have started my problem of the day program, I have seen a huge increase in both my students’ willingness to attempt word problems and their success in solving them.
If you are interested in my 180 Daily Middle School Word Problems, you can pick them up in my TpT store. They are typically $12, but are on sale today and tomorrow for 28% off with code BTS15. If you want to try them out before buying the set, you can download 10 days free!
What do you do to make your students better problem solvers? The first 3 people to respond with their problem solving strategies (and give their email address) will get a free copy of my first set of 45 Daily Middle School Word Problems!
Thanks for reading,